Sexes alike. Rufous-brown above, prominently streaked darker; rufous-buff, unstreaked rump; white tips to fan-shaped tail diagnostic; buffy-white underbody, more rufous on flanks. Diagnostic calls. Pairs or several birds over open expanse; great skulker, lurking in low growth; usually seen during short, jerky flights,
low over ground; soon dives into cover; most active when breeding, during rains; striking display of male, soaring erratically, falling and rising, incessantly uttering sharp, creaking note; adults arrive on nest in similar fashion.
open country, grass, cultivation, reed beds; also coastal lagoons.
insects, spiders, possibly some seeds
subcontinent, south of the Himalayan foothills; absent in extreme NW Rajasthan.
sharp, clicking zit…zit calls; continuously during display in air.