Sexes alike. Dull grey-brown above, streaked darker; very pale around eyes; long, graduated tail, faintly crossbarred, tipped white; whitish underbody, buffy on belly. Plumage more rufous in winter. Small parties move in low growth; usually does not associate with other birds; restless, flicks wings and tail often; occasionally hunts like flycatcher.
Scrub, grass, canal banks, semi-desert.
NW Himalayan foothills, terai, south to Gujarat, across Gangetic plain.
Longish warble when breeding; wing-snapping and jumping display of male; szeep…szip… call note.