Several races in India. Males differ in having dark brown, blackish- brown or glossy blue-back upper body. Male: dark brown above; white wing-patch; glossy blueblack below; chestnut vent and under tail. Female: lacks white in wings; duller grey-brown below. Solitary or in pairs in open country, and often in and around habitation; rather suspicious andmaintains safe distance between man and itself; hunts on ground, hopping or running in short spurts; when on ground, holds head high and often cocks tail, right up to back, flashing the chestnut vent and under tail.
open country, edges of forest, vicinity of habitation, scrub.
subcontinent, south of the Himalayan foothills; absent in extreme NE.
long-drawn sweeeech or weeeech call; a warbling song when breeding; also a guttural charrr… note.