Sexes alike. Dullbrown above, with white rump; very dark, almost black wings; pointed tail; pale buffy-white below, with some brown on flanks; thick, grey-blue or slaty beak striking. Gregarious; mostly keeps to scrub in open country; feeds on ground and on standing crops, especially millet; overall a rather ‘dull’ bird, both in colour and demeanour.
prefers dry areas; cultivation, scrub and grass; sometimes light, open forests
small seeds, millet
subcontinent to about 1,500m in Himalaya, chiefly the outer ranges.
faint tee…tee… notes; sometimes also a whistling note