Polyandrous. Breeing female: metallic-olive above, thickly marked buff and black; buff stripe down crown centre; chestnut throat, breast and sides of neck; white below breast. Breeding male: duller overall; lacks chestnut. Sexes difficult to distinguish when not in breeding plumage. Crepuscular and nocturnal; solitary or a few scattered birds; feeds in squelchy mud but also moves on drier ground; runs on landing.
wet mud, marshes, such areas where there is a mix of open water, and heavy low cover.
insects, crustaceans, molluscs, vegetable matter.
resident throughout the area up to about 2,000m in the Himalaya.
common call a long-drawn, mellow note that can be likened to the noise made by blowing into a bottle mouth.