Sexes alike. Olive-brown above, streaked dark brown; dull-white supercilium, two wing-bars and in outer-tail feathers; pale buff-white below, profusely streaked dark brown on entire breast and flanks. The Tree Pipit A. trivialis is brown above, without olive wash. Gregarious in winter; spends most time on ground, running briskly; if approached close, flies with tseep… call into trees; descends in a few minutes.
forests, grassy slopes.
insects, grass and other seeds.
breeds in the Himalaya, east from W Himachal Pradesh; above 2,700m, to timberline; winters in foothills and almost all over India, except arid NW, Kutch; trivialis breeds only in NW Himalaya and is most common in winter over C India, but sporadically over
faint tseep… call; lark-like song of breeding male.