Largest pipit. Greyish-brown with rufous edges to wings, dark lores. Northern races are greyest and plainest with barely streaked, whitish-buff or rufous-buff underparts. Southern races more heavily streaked above and more lightly streaked on breast, with rufous-buff underparts. Powerful thrush-like bill, short legs and upright stance. Bounding flight; pumps and fans tail upwards.
Breeds in dry, rocky, grassy uplands. Winters in dry grasslands, open scrub and woodland and fallow cultivation.
Common breeding resident and summer visitor in northern hills from western Pakistan east to west Nepal.
A deep chup call and a rather slow song.