Sexes alike. Yellowishbrown above, streaked black; rich chestnut-rufous on wings, easily seen when bird in flight: pale white chin and throat, dull yellowish-brown below; blackish, triangular spots on breast. Pairs or small flocks; moves quietly on ground, running about or perching on small stones or bush tops; squats tight when approached but takes to wing when intruder very close; spectacular display flight, accompanied by singing, when breeding; indulges in display flights in the night too.
open cultivation, grass and scrub; fallow lands.
seeds, tiny insects.
almost all of N, NW and peninsular India; absent in Kerala, NE.
faint cheep chrep call note; song a faint but lively twittering.