Male: dark grey above, streaked black; black mask; white supercilium, wing-patch and outer tail; white throat and belly; dull grey breast. Female: rufous-brown, streaked; rusty rump and outer tail; white throat; yellow-brown below. Solitary or pairs; like other chats, keeps to open country and edge of forest; perches on bush tops and poles, flirts tail often; regularly seen in an area; flies to ground on spotting insect.
Open scrub, forest edges, cultivation.
Himalaya, 1,400–3,500m; descends into foothills and adjoiningplains, includingGangetic plains, in winter.
double-noted call; also a grating praee… call; trilling song of male.