Uniformly rufousbrown upperparts; black band through the eye with a white brow over it. Pale creamy underside with warmer rufous flanks; rufous tail. Wings brown without any white ‘mirror’. Female has faint scalloping on the underside. Solitary; keeps lookout from conspicuous perch or tree stump for prey on the ground, often returning to the same perch after hunting; territorial.
open country, cultivation, forest edges, scrub, gardens.
insects, lizards, small rodents.
winter visitor to peninsular India.
harsh chattering; grating call; sometimes sings in a low chirruping tone with its bill closed.