Sexes alike. Ashy-brown above; distinct throat, white with two dark cheek-stripes and a third stripe from chin; white nape-patch, white eyes and orangeyellow cere visible from close quarters; in flight, a pale shoulder-patch from above; from below, the pale underside of roundish wings against a darkish body distinctive. Solitary or scattered pairs; seen on exposed perches, trees, poles or telegraph wires; seems to prefer certain sites; soars high and does aerial displays when breeding.
open and dry forest; cultivated country.
rodents, lizards, squirrels, small birds, frogs, insects.
resident; subcontinent, up to about 1,200m in Himalaya.
musical, plaintive te…twee. frequently when breeding.